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Castle Tornese/Chlemoutsi, Ellis, N.W Peloponnesus.

Castle Tornese. Loschge, Leonhard. Castle Tornese. "Castro Tornese" Nürnberg/ Nuremberg. Loschge Leonhard. 1687
Extremely scarce small copper engraved view of Castro Tornese/Chlemoutsi in Ellis, North West Peloponnesus from Loschge's "Neue vermehrte Beschreibungder trflichen Halbinsel Morea mit den Angrezenten Inseln und Provinzen des Coronelli und andern Italianischen Schriften"
Modern hand colour
Catle Tornese / Chiemoutsi is a medieval castle built in the early 1220s by the Crusader rulers of the Principality of Achaea as their main stronghold. Located near the Principality's capital of Andravida and the chief port of Glarentza, Chlemoutsi played a central role in the Principality's history, but was never actually besieged. After coming under Byzantine rule in 1427, it was captured in 1460 by the Ottoman Empire, along with the rest of the Byzantine Despotate of the Morea. With the Ottoman conquest, the castle lost much of its strategic significance, although it was occupied by the Venetians during the Ottoman–Venetian War of 1463–79, and attacked by the Knights of Malta in 1620. From the 15th century, Italian sources came to call it Castel Tornese, apparently through a confusion with the seat of the Principality's mint in nearby Glarentza, which until the middle of the 14th century minted silver tornese coins In Ottoman times, minor additions were made to provide platforms for artillery, but the castle progressively lost its significance and was completely deserted by the late 18th century. In 1825, during the Greek War of Independence, part of its outer wall was demolished to prevent the Greek rebels from using it. Dark impression; modern hand colour; mounted.
Not In Zacharakis but description of maps Nos 2080-2101. 65 by 114mm (2½ by 4½ inches).    €120
Stock No. 2720 - Greece full description

Andravida, Ellis, N.W Peloponnesus.

Andravida. Loschge, Leonhard. Andravida. "Antrivida." Nürnberg/ Nuremberg. Loschge Leonhard. 1687
Extremely scarce small copper engraved view of Andravida in Ellis, North West Peloponnesus from Loschge's "Neue vermehrte Beschreibungder trflichen Halbinsel Morea mit den Angrezenten Inseln und Provinzen des Coronelli und andern Italianischen Schriften"
Modern hand colour.
Andravida's early history is obscure: the name is of unknown provenance—several proposals have been made, the most probable of which is that it derives from a Slavic name for "place of the otters"—and the site is not mentioned before the conquest by the Crusaders in 1205, even though it certainly existed before that. According to the Chronicle of the Morea, Andravida, like most of the towns and regions of the northern and western Peloponnese, was captured without a fight in 1205 by the Crusader leader William of Champlitte, and it was there that the local Greek magnates and lords of Elis and of the mountains of Skorta and Mesarea paid him homage and recognized him as their lord.
Soon after the Frankish conquest, Andravida (known as Andreville in French, Andrevilla in Aragonese and Andravilla in Italian) became the residence of the princes of the newly established Principality of Achaea. As the medievalist Antoine Bon points out, Andravida's choice as the de facto capital of the principality rested on its favourable location: situated in the midst of the fertile plain of Elis, it was well provisioned and could sustain horses, it was located near the major port town of Glarentza, but not on the coast and hence not vulnerable to seaborne raids, and was equally far from the mountains of the central Peloponnese with their rebellious inhabitants. Consequently, despite its importance, it was never fortified. The town also became the seat of a Roman Catholic bishopric, attested since 1212, which assimilated the pre-existing Greek bishopric of Olena and retained the latter's name. Dark impression; modern hand colour; mounted.
Not In Zacharakis but description of maps Nos 2080-2101. 65 by 115mm (2½ by 4½ inches).    €160
Stock No. 2721 - Greece full description

Koroni, Messinia, SW Peloponnesus,

Plan of the City and fortress of Koroni Captured in 1685. Loschge, Leonhard. Plan of the City and fortress of Koroni Captured in 1685. "Pianta della Citta e Fortezza di Coron cogl accampamenti del 1685" Nürnberg/ Nuremberg. Loschge Leonhard. 1687
Extremely scarce small copper engraved plan of the castle and town of Koroni, Messinia, Peloponnesus from Loschge's "Neue vermehrte Beschreibungder trflichen Halbinsel Morea mit den Angrezenten Inseln und Provinzen des Coronelli und andern Italianischen Schriften"
Modern hand colour
A castle with impressive fortifications at the southwestern end of Peloponnese which existed since the 7th century AD and was completed and reconstructed by the Venetians in the 13th century. The city flourished in the following centuries, but it was constantly in the middle of the long conflict between Venetians and Turks .As many castles in Peloponnese, the city became important and flourished after the 13th century and the Frankish occupation.
Following the fall of Constantinople to the Fourth Crusade in 1204, a Venetian fleet under Premarini and the son of Dandolo occupied it in 1206, and converted the port into a provisioning station "where all passing ships could receive a month's rations", a custom maintained, we are told, when the place became a regular Venetian colony.
Since 1205 Koroni belonged to the Frankish Principality of Achaea. In 1209, the ruler of Achaea Geoffroi de Villehardouin I had no choice than to cede officially the castle-city to the Venetians.
The Venetians made a major reconstruction and expansion of the castle which finished around the end of that century.
The fortress and town were captured by the Ottoman troops of Sultan Bayezid II, who led personally the operation, in 1500.
In 1532, the Habsburg emperor Charles V ordered the Genoese admiral Andrea Doria to attack Koroni as a diversion to the Turkish campaigns in Hungary. Doria managed to capture the city, and to lay waste to the surrounding coast.
In spring 1533, the Ottoman Emperor Suleiman the Magnificent sent 60 galleys to retake the city. They blockaded the harbour, but they were defeated by Doria, highlighting the weakness of the Ottoman Navy at that time. An Ottoman land army however was successful in laying a siege around the city, forcing its surrender on 1 April 1534. The weakened Spanish garrison was allowed to leave the city unharmed
In 1685 the Venetians under general Morozini returned and stayed until 1715. But the golden age of the city was not revived. Dark impression; modern hand colour; mounted.
Not In Zacharakis but description of maps Nos 2080-2101. 64 by 114mm (2½ by 4½ inches).    €80
Stock No. 2726 - Greece full description

Patras, W. Peloponnesus.

Patras. Loschge, Leonhard. Patras. "Patrasso" Nürnberg/ Nuremberg. Loschge Leonhard. 1687
Extremely scarce small copper engraved view of Patras, Peloponnesus from Loschge's "Neue vermehrte Beschreibungder trflichen Halbinsel Morea mit den Angrezenten Inseln und Provinzen des Coronelli und andern Italianischen Schriften"
Modern hand colour.
The view shows the city built at the foothills of Mount Panachaikon, overlooking the Gulf of Patras.In 1205 the city was captured by William of Champlitte and Villehardouin, and became a part of the principality of Achaea. It became the seat of the Barony of Patras, and its Latin archbishop primate of the principality. In 1387 Juan Fernández de Heredia, grand master of the order of the Knights Hospitaller at Rhodes, endeavoured to make himself master of Achaea and took Patras by storm. In 1408, Patras became Venetian, until it was recaptured in 1430 by the Despotate of Morea and its despot Constantine Palaiologos, who thus succeeded in recovering for the Byzantine Empire the whole of the Morea, apart from Venetian possessions. The administration of Patras was given to George Sphrantzes, while Constantine was immediately contested by the Ottoman Empire and later, in 1449, became emperor of the Byzantine empire.[8]

Patras remained a part of the Despotate of Morea until 1458, when it was conquered by the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmet II. Under the Ottomans, it was known as Baliabadra, from the Greek Παλαιά Πάτρα ("Old Patras"), as opposed to Νέα Πάτρα, the town of Ypati in Central Greece. Though Mehmet granted the city special privileges and tax reductions, it never became a major centre of commerce. Venice and Genoa attacked and captured it several times in the 15th and 16th centuries, but never re-established their rule effectively, except for a period of Venetian rule in 1687–1715. Dark impression; modern hand colour; mounted.
Not In Zacharakis but description of maps Nos 2080-2101. 65 by 114mm (2½ by 4½ inches).    €180
Stock No. 2731 - Greece full description

Passavas Castle, Laconia Mani. Peloponnesus.

Passavas. Loschge, Leonhard. Passavas. "Passava" Nürnberg/ Nuremberg. Loschge Leonhard. 1687
Extremely scarce small copper engraved view of the castle of Passavas, Laconia, Mani, Peloponnesus from Loschge's "Neue vermehrte Beschreibungder trflichen Halbinsel Morea mit den Angrezenten Inseln und Provinzen des Coronelli und andern Italianischen Schriften"
Modern hand colour

Passavas or Las ) is situated on the Mani Peninsula. In ancient times Las was a Spartan possession and in 218 BC the citizens of the city fought and routed and group of Philip V of Macedon's army. Las became part of the Union of Free Laconians in 195 BC when it separated from Sparta. The Spartans however recaptured the city in 189 BC. Sparta was then taken over by the Achaean League and Las gained its independence again. When the Romans took over most of Greece in 146 BC, Las and the other Free Laconian city continued to have independence. In Roman times, Las had a bath and a gymnasium.

The site is not mentioned in Byzantine times until the Frankish conquest of the Peloponnese, when Mani was given to the Baron Jean de Neuilly (or de Nully), who built a castle at Las. This castle became known as Passavant or Passavas, most probably after the family motto which was: Passe-Avant, "move forward"). Passavas was a small but important barony because it held the unruly Maniots at bay. When the prince of Achaea, Prince William II Villehardouin was defeated and captured at the Battle of Pelagonia, the Baron Jean de Neuilly was captured as well. Then, the Barony of Passavant passed to his daughter Margaret of Passavant, widow of the Lord of Lisarea Guibert de Cors (or d'Escors).[1][2] She was forced to give up her castle and her barony as part of Villehardouin's ransom.[3][4][5]

The castle was in use once again during the second Byzantine domination. The castle of Passavas was occupied by the Ottomans for a short time when they took over the majority of the Peloponnese, in a failed attempt to keep control over the Maniots who refused to accept Ottoman rule. In 1601, a Spanish fleet led by Alonso de Contreras that was raiding in the area surprised the Ottoman garrison and sacked the city. It was regarrisoned in 1669, by the Ottoman general Kuesy Ali Pasha. The castle was captured again in 1684 by the Venetians and the Maniots. The Venetians carried off the cannons and destroyed the city so it would not be used again. When the leader of the Maniots was executed by the Ottomans, his mother led the men of Skoutari who dressed up as priests on Easter Sunday and were allowed entry to the castle. When they got in they took out their hidden weapons and not many of the 700 families inhabiting the castle escaped. The castle was abandoned after that and has not been inhabited since. Dark impression; modern hand colour; mounted.
Not In Zacharakis but description of maps Nos 2080-2101. 65 by 115mm (2½ by 4½ inches).    €120
Stock No. 2724 - Greece full description

Megalopolis, Arcadia, Peloponnesus.

Megalopolis. Loschge, Leonhard. Megalopolis. "Bellveder" Nürnberg/ Nuremberg. Loschge Leonhard. 1687
Extremely scarce small copper engraved view of Megalopolis Peloponnesus from Loschge's "Neue vermehrte Beschreibungder trflichen Halbinsel Morea mit den Angrezenten Inseln und Provinzen des Coronelli und andern Italianischen Schriften"
Modern hand colour.
The city was founded in 371 BC by the Theban general Epaminondas in an attempt to form a political counterweight to Sparta. It was one of the 40 places that were megále pólis (great city). Megalopolis became the seat of the Arcadian League in 370 BC, which in the 3rd century BC became the Achaean League. In 331 BC, Megalopolis was invaded by the Spartans and there was a battle with the Macedonians that came to Megalopolis' help. The Macedonians defeated the Spartans. In 223 BC, the Spartan king Cleomenes III burnt down the city but it was reinstated by Philopoemen, the general of the Achaean League. The city was abandoned during the Middle Ages. The nearby village of Sinano (Σινάνο), situated south of the ancient city, was renamed Megalopoli after Greek Independence. Dark impression; modern hand colour; mounted.
Not In Zacharakis but description of maps Nos 2080-2101. 65 by 115mm (2½ by 4½ inches).    €120
Stock No. 2722 - Greece full description

Leontari, Arcadia, Peloponnesus.

Leontari. Loschge, Leonhard. Leontari. "Leondari" Nürnberg/ Nuremberg. Loschge Leonhard. 1687
Extremely scarce small copper engraved view of Leontari, Peloponnesus from Loschge's "Neue vermehrte Beschreibungder trflichen Halbinsel Morea mit den Angrezenten Inseln und Provinzen des Coronelli und andern Italianischen Schriften"
Modern hand colour.
The castle of Leontari has been a Byzantine castle-city that flourished mainly in the 14th century. It was a military base for the Paleologi dynasty and one of the major cities of the Despotate of Mystras. Dark impression; modern hand colour; mounted.
Not In Zacharakis but description of maps Nos 2080-2101. 65 by 114mm (2½ by 4½ inches).    €150
Stock No. 2729 - Greece full description

Zarnata Castle, Messinia, Mani. Peloponnesus.

Zarnata. Loschge.Leonhard. Zarnata. "Zarnatar" Nürnberg/ Nuremberg Loschge Leonhard. 1687
Extremely scarce small copper engraved view of the castle of Zarnata, Messinia, Mani Peloponnesus from Loschge's "Neue vermehrte Beschreibungder trflichen Halbinsel Morea mit den Angrezenten Inseln und Provinzen des Coronelli und andern Italianischen Schriften"
Modern hand colour
One of the 4 major castles of Mani. It is a castle of the Late-Byzantine which was destroyed by the Ottomans who rebuilt it in the 17th century.
In the late Byzantine era there is mention of Zarnata being passed from the Despot Theodoros Palaeologos to the eventual last Emperor of Constantinople, Constantine. The walls show a steady development from ancient times and it is thought by some to have Frankish remains but τηερε ισ no reference to the fortress in Frankish sources - though it seems unlikely that any occupying power would leave such a dominating position vacant. Dark impression; modern hand colour; mounted.
Not In Zacharakis but description of maps Nos 2080-2101. 65 by 115mm (2½ by 4½ inches).    €120
Stock No. 2723 - Greece full description

Peleponnesus and Southern Greece.

Grece Particuliere. Mallet, Allain Manesson. "Grece Particuliere". Paris Thierry. Denys. 1683
Copper engraved map of Southern Greece, focusing on the Peleponnesus, from Mallet's "Description de l'Univers" 1st edition. Text to verso.
. Dark impression; inner left margin 5mm
Zacharakis 2139/1403 157 by 118mm (6¼ by 4¾ inches).    €70
Stock No. 1259 - Greece full description

Methoni, Messenia, Peleoponnesus.

Methoni MEISSNER Daniel, Eberhard Kieser. Eberhard Kieser Methoni Modon in Morea. Nuremberg Paulus Fürst 1638
Copper engraved view of Methoni, Messenia engraved by Eberhard Kieser for Daniel Meissner from Thesaurus philo-politicus, edition of Paulus Fürst Libellus novus politicus emblematicus civitatum. Black & white; text in Latin and German below image. From the 7th part numbered "G"
View of Methoni with sailing ship in foreground; above the Latin tag Fide Deo et Despice Mundom,below a moral text by the poet Daniel Meissner. Dark impression; light soiling to margins.
98 by 150mm (3¾ by 6 inches).    €200
Stock No. 3010 - Greece full description


60 results (displaying results 31 - 40) First « 1 2 3 4 5 6» Last

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