1649 results (displaying results 441 - 450) First « 42 43 44 45 46 47 » Last

Mediterranean Ports: Cagliari, Malta, Rhodes & Famagusta.

Cagler. Malte. Rodes. Famagosse. Braun & Hogenberg. Cagler. Malte. Rodes. Famagosse. Calaris, Sardiniæ; Malta, olim Melita; Rhodus; Famagusta, civitas Cÿpri. Cologne G. von Kempen 1575
Black and white, copper engraved bird's eye views of Cagliari, Malta, Rhodes & Famagusta, 4 views on 1 plate, from the first volume of Braun & Hogenberg's Civitas Orbis Terrarum. French text to verso.
Set of four city plans, printed on a single sheet. Malta, Rhodes, Cagliari and Famagusta were all key strategic ports in the Mediterranean and in the cases of most of these, crucial sites in long conflict between Turkish and western forces. Famagusta, the principal port of Cyprus, had in 1571 just fallen to the Turkish Empire; Rhodes had been an important Hospitaller fortress, but had been held by the Turks since 1522. The remnants of the defenders retired to Malta, which is described as "the best known island of the Mediterranean Sea, which has a strongly fortified town of the same name, where in the year of 1565 the largest Turkish fleet was destroyed and the famous name was made immortal." , the capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia, was an important Spanish stronghold in the Western Mediterranean.

The bird's-eye view of Cagliari clearly shows the division of the city into four parts: the Castello district within the inner city wall, representing the original core, and the three partially walled suburbs of Stampax (Stampace) on the left, Gliapola facing the harbour and Nova Villa, the New Town on the right. Identified within Castello are the Gothic cathedral of Santa Maria di Castello (Bischoflich Kirch), the viceroy's palace (Kunigs Pallast) and the town hall (Rath Hauss). Founded in the 7th century BC, the city served as a major centre of commerce in antiquity. Later ravaged by pirates, in the 11th century Cagliari became part of the Kingdom of Aragon and the capital of the viceroyalty of Sardinia.

A schematic drawing shows Malta with a strongly fortified harbour. Fort St Elmo can be seen on the left, with Fort Sant'Angelo across the water to its right and the star-shaped Fort St Michael further right again. The town - indicated in the present plate - that grew up around Fort St Elmo is called Valetta: it was founded in 1566 by Jean Parisot de la Valette, Grand Master of the Order of St John. From 1530 until its conquest by Napoleontic troops in 1789, the island lay under the rule of the Knights Hospitaller, who hence also took the name of the Knights of Malta. Today Valletta is the capital of the Republic of Malta, which comprises the three islands of Malta, Gozo and Comino.

Rhodes is presented as a circular town with a well-fortifies harbour entrance. The town is surrounded by three impressive walls. The windmills just outside the harbour on the left are typical of Greek Islands. The city of Rhodes was designed c.408 BC by Hippodamus of miletus. The Colossus of Rhodes, which represented the Greek god Helios, patron saint of Rhodes, was erected between 292 and 280 BC and numbered amongst the Seven Wonders of the World. Following the division of the Roman Empire, Rhodes formed part of the Eastern Empire and came under the varying rule of Arab occupying forces and Crusaders. From the 16th century until 1912 it belonged to the Ottoman Empire.

The bird's-eye view shows the city of Famagusta surrounded by a double set of city walls and containing private houses and the church of St Nicholas. Famagusta was founded in antiquity under the name of Arsinoe (after Arsinoe II of Egypt) and in the Middle Ages developed into an important centre of trade, where business was transacted above all between Asia, Venice and Genoa. Its geographical location made the city an important strategic base for the Crusaders. In 1374 the Genoese occupied Famagusta and held it until 1571, when it was conquered by the Ottomans.
[Taschen]. Good impression; light toning and soiling; light stain near title cartouche of Malta and near R of Rhodus and A of Famagusta.
Keoman 2; B&H 13, [plate 42]. 325 by 475mm (12¾ by 18¾ inches). Each plan 160x230mm    €900
Stock No. 3225 - Greece full description

Bird's Eye view of Alexandria.

Alexandrie. Braun & Hogenberg. Alexandrie. Alexandria.. Cologne G. von Kempen 1575
Black and white, copper engraved bird's eye view of Alexandria from the second volume of Braun & Hogenberg's Civitas Orbis Terrarum. French text to verso.
Title Cartouche to top centre.
The view shows the port city enclosed by walls with various branches of the Nile running through the city; numerous ships and galleas to the sea and camels and palm trees to the land. Important buildings are named including the Pharos[ lighthouse], one of the Seven Wonders of the World and Pompey's Pillar.
Dark impression.
Keoman 2; B&H 14, [plate 56]. 367 by 482mm (14½ by 19 inches).    €750
Stock No. 3222 - Middle East full description

View of Damascus.

Damas. Braun & Hogenberg. Damas. Damascus, urbis nobilissima ad Libanum montem, Totius Sÿria Metropolis. Cologne G. von Kempen 1575
Black and white, copper engraved bird's eye view of Damascus from the second volume of Braun & Hogenberg's Civitas Orbis Terrarum. French text to verso. Good impression; red spots to upper centre fold; spot to upper right in mountains; old repair to lower centre fold, stain to edges of upper blank margin, far from image.
Keoman 2; B&H 14, [plate 46]. 320 by 355mm (12½ by 14 inches).    €650
Stock No. 3219 - Middle East full description

Bird's Eye View of Jerusalem

Jerusalem. Braun & Hogenberg. Jerusalem. Hierosalmia Clarissima.... Cologne G. von Kempen 1575
Black and white, copper engraved plans of Jerusalem from the first volume of Braun & Hogenberg's Civitas Orbis Terrarum. French text to verso.
Two bird's eye perspectives town-plans on one sheet. The left plan shows ancient Jerusalem at the time of Christ.
A contemporary view of Jerusalem appears to the right with an attractive vignette lower right of Moses receiving the Tablets. Dark impression; light toning and soiling; old strengthening to lower blank margin; stain to lower left blank margin and also entering plate
Keoman 2; B&H 13, [plate 53]. 342 by 489mm (13½ by 19¼ inches).    €600
Stock No. 3221 - Middle East full description

Famous Bird's eye View of Constantinople.

Constantinople. Braun & Hogenberg. Constantinople. Byzantium nunc Constantinoplis. Cologne G. von Kempen 1575
Black and white, copper engraved birds eye view of Istanbul- Constantinople from the first volume of Braun & Hogenberg's Civitas Orbis Terrarum. French text to verso. Second state of the view, with the roundel at the right including the portrait of Sultan Murad III.

One of the finest and most sought-after views of Istanbul. Viewed from the village of Scutari, the City is shown with all its fortifications, the original Genouse district of Galata on the opposite bank of the Golden Horn to the right. European galleons and Turkish galleys fill the seas of the Bosporus and Golden Horn. The great buildings of 16th century Istanbul during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent can be clearly seen, including the "Suleymaniye Mosque" and the "Topkapi" palace. The lower center is filled with a parading Turkish horseman and troop of Janissaries.

The original of this map is often incorrectly attributed to Giovanni Andrea Vavassore, called Vadagnino, who created a fine view of Constantinople published in Venice in 1520. Vavassore's view is also said to have influenced the view published in the 1550 and subsequent editions of Sebastian Munster's Cosmographia. Vavassore's view is in turn said to have been based on a 1480 view, now apparently lost, by Venetian artist Giovianni Bellini, who was invited by Mehmet II Fatih, i.e. 'the Conqueror' to Constantinople.
But a closer comparison of the Vavassore, Munster, and Braun & Hogenberg maps or views of Constantinople reveals significant differences. Most notably in the topographic details of the city-scape, especially the Roman remains such as the Hippodrome, today's 'At Meydan', which while not absent in the Vavassore map, is not clearly depicted, whereas it is very clear, detailed and accurate in both the Munster and Braun & Hogenberg maps, as are the locations of churches, palaces and other monuments which are more accurately depicted in the Munster and Braun & Hogenberg maps.
Compared with the Munster map, the Braun and Hogenberg map or view of Constantinople is in particular distinguished and made unique by the portrait of the mounted horseman identified as the Ottoman ruler Suleiman the Magnificent (6 November 1494 - 7 September 1566) who claimed among other titles to be Roman Emperor, a title which even the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V was forced to recognize in 1547
.[ Julian M. Stargardt, LL.B., F.R.G.S.; 1572 Byzantium Nunc Constantinopolis – Georg Braun (1541-1622) and Frans Hogenberg (1535-90)] Good impression; light toning and soiling; stain to left blank margin repeated but lighter to right upper corner ; light stain to lower right, over large ship .
Keoman 2; B&H 14, [plate 52]. 330 by 485mm (13 by 19 inches).    €2000
Stock No. 3215 - Turkey full description

Porto Kagio, Mani, Greece

Fortezza di Maina. Camocio, Giovanni Francesco. "Fortezza di Maina. " Venice Camocio "alla libraria del segno di S. Marco. " 1570-1574
Copper engraved birdseye of the 1570 seige of the Turkish fort of Maini at Porto Kagio by the Maniots, aided by the Venetian navy. from "Isole Famose, porti, fortezze, e terre Maritime sottoposte alla Ser. ma. Sig. ria di Venetia. " Verso blank. The scene shows the Turkish forces within the castle being beseiged by the Maniots from the land with the Venatian fleet in the bay. Printed annotations within the plate. Dark impression, some spotting, mainly to margins: printed somewhat crooked on the page; upper margin 4-10mm
Blackmer/ Navari: 274. Phillips, Atlases :3975. BnF "Collection d'Anville": 06147. 175 by 230mm (7 by 9 inches).    €700
Stock No. 1542 - Greece full description

The Island of Kythera

Kythera. Camocio, Giovanni Francisco. Kythera. "Cerigo insula....." Venice Ferrando and/or Donato Bertell. 1566-74
Copper engraved view of the island of Kythera from Camoccio's " Isole Famose Porti, Fortezze E Terre Maritime" . Modern hand colour; verso blank.
The map shows the island with the town marked and "Castelli antiqua ruinati" Dark impression;modern hand colour; mounted.
Blackmer /Navari:274; Zacharakis:784/511. 160 by 210mm (6¼ by 8¼ inches).    €1000
Stock No. 3228 - Greece full description

The Island of Patmos

Patmos Camocio, Giovanni Francisco. Patmos "Pamosa....." Venice Ferrando and/or Donato Bertell. 1566-74
Copper engraved view of the island of Patmos from Camoccio's " Isole Famose Porti, Fortezze E Terre Maritime" . Modern hand colour; verso blank.
The map shows the monastery of St John as a large edifice in the centre of the island.
decorative title cartouche with long text describing the island and its history. Dark impression; modern hand colour; mounted.
Blackmer /Navari:274; Zacharakis:787/514. 210 by 155mm (8¼ by 6 inches).    €1000
Stock No. 3230 - Greece full description

Karpathos, Dodecanesus.

Karpathos. Camocio, Giovanni Francisco. Karpathos. "Scarpanto." Venice. Ferrando and/or Donato Bertell. 1566-74
Copper engraved view of the island of Karpathos from Camoccio's " Isole Famose Porti, Fortezze E Terre Maritime" . Verso blank. Dark impression; light soiling mainly to margins.
Blackmer /Navari:274; Zacharakis:799/525. 211 by 153mm (8¼ by 6 inches).    €750
Stock No. 2752 - Greece full description

Samos, Northern Aegean.

Samos. Camocio, Giovanni Francisco. Samos. "Samo." Venice. Ferrando and/or Donato Bertell. 1566-74
Copper engraved view of the island of Samos from Camoccio's " Isole Famose Porti, Fortezze E Terre Maritime" . Verso blank; modern hand colour Dark impression; light soiling mainly to margins; old ink number to lower right corner in blank margin; lower left corner torn off [ far from image].
Blackmer /Navari:274; Zacharakis:789/515. 206 by 155mm (8 by 6 inches).    €750
Stock No. 2753 - Greece full description


1649 results (displaying results 441 - 450) First « 42 43 44 45 46 47» Last

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