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Crete after Ptolemy.

Laurent Fries. Tabula Neoterica Cretae sive Candiæ. "Tabula nova Candiæ." Vienne, Daupniné Gaspar Trechsel, 1541
Black and white woodcut map of Crete by Laurent Fries from "Claudii Ptolemaei Alexandrini Geographicae Enarrationis, Libri Octo ... Prostant Lugduni apud Hugonem a Porta. M. D. XLI." Latin text to verso.
The map is from the second edition edited by Michael Villanovanus known as Servetus, the woodblock is the same as that used for the editions of 1522 & 1535. the difference from the previous editions can be seen in the plain letterpress title. Dark impression; dampstain to upper margin; some soiling and spotting ; hole [10mm] at lower centre fold just entering image due to stitching with others in lower blank margin [10mm & 2mm].

Laurent Fries
was a French physician and mathematician born around 1485 in Mulhouse. He settled finally in Strassburg where he meat Peter Apian and the publisher Johannes Grüninger which made him interested in the Ptolemy Atlas of 1513 and 1520. Fries made new woodcut maps in reduced size. His Ptolemy Atlas was published first in 1522, reissued in 1525, 1535 and 1541. He died in 1532.

Second edition of Michael Servetus' Ptolemy edition, published by G. Trechsel 1541 in Vienne, Dauphine.
The text is the new Latin translation by the humanist Wilibald Pirckheimer which first appeared in the 1525 edition, which has been edited by Michael Servetus, for the first time for 1535 edition and the second time for this 1541 edition. The maps of all four issues were printed from the same wooden blocks which were made for the first edition by Laurent Fries in 1522. in most cases he simply producied a reduction of the equivalent map from the 1513 edition of Waldseemüller's Geographie Opus Novissima, printed by Johann Schott.

A special feature of the 1541 edition is the missing text on verso of some modern maps. This is due to the action of Calvinism, especially since the text on verso of the Holy Land map provoked controversy. Many of the first three editions were burned, which led Servetus to abdicate on some text on verso. Nevertheless, Servetus was burnt at the stake in 1553, condemned by Calvin for his doctrinal heresies, although the text is originally from Pirckheimer.
Shirley T.PTOL 7g; Adams P 2226; Phillips 336; Sabin 66485; Zacharakis 2801. 278 by 455mm (11 by 18 inches).   ref: 2480  €2000

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