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Gilles Robert de Vaugondy The Empire of Japan divided into seven provinces and subdivided into sixty-six kingdoms. "L'Empire du Japon divisé en sept principales parties et subdivisé en soixante et six Royaumes , Par Sr.Robert Géog. ord du Roi avec privilege 1750." Paris Robert de Vaugondy, Gilles et Didier. 1757
Copper engraved map of Japan by Gilles Robert de Vaugondy from "The Atlas Universel". Original outline colour ; verso blank.
A first state dated 1750. One of the first maps to show the more correct North-east sweep of the islands and also is of interest for the dual-naming of the sea between Korea and Japan, here called Mer de Corée and Mer de Japon.
Decorative title cartouche with vignettes of oriental landscapes. Dark impression; light toning; scattered spotting.

Robert de Vaugondy

Gilles Robert de Vaugondy (1688–1766), also known as Le Sieur or Monsieur Robert, and his son, Didier Robert de Vaugondy (c.1723–1786), were leading cartographers in France during the 18th century.

Gilles and Didier Robert De Vaugondy produced their maps and terrestrial globes working together as father and son. In some cases it is uncertain whether Gilles or Didier made a given map; Gilles often signed maps as M.Robert, while Didier commonly signed his maps as Robert de Vaugondy, or added fils or filio after his name.

In 1757, Gilles and Didier Robert De Vaugondy published the "Atlas Universel, Par M. Robert Geographe ordinaire du Roy, et Par M. Robert De Vaugondy son fils Geographe ord. du Roy, et de S. M. Polonoise, Duc de Lorraine et de Bar, et Associe de L'Academie Royale des Sciences et belles Lettres de Nancy, Avec Privilege Du Roy, 1757. A Paris, Chez Les Auteurs ,Quay de l'Horloge du Palais, Boudet Libraire Imprimeur du Roi, rue St. Jacques. Grave par Ch. Baquoy. J. Oger Scripsit".one of the most important atlases of the 18th century.

The Vaugondys employed strict standards for including maps in this atlas and in many cases subjected them to astronomically derived readings for latitude and longitude.
Their frequent use of eighteenth century sources, often from the 1740s, provided their atlas with up-to-date information. While their preference was for maps that bad been surveyed in the field and maps published in the region itself, they did not hesitate to turn to older sources when more recent maps were found to be lacking.(Pedley, p. 61)

To produce the atlas, the Vaugondys integrated older sources with more modern surveyed maps. They verified and corrected the latitude and longitude of many regional maps in the atlas with astronomical observations. The older material was revised with the addition of many new place names.

In 1760, Didier Robert de Vaugondy was appointed geographer to Louis XV.

The Robert de Vaugondys were descended from the Nicolas Sanson family through Sanson's grandson, Pierre Moulard-Sanson. From him, they inherited much of Sanson's cartographic material, which they combined with maps and plates acquired after Hubert Jaillot's death in 1712 to form the basis the Atlas Universel.Sources from the Dépôt de la Marine, the official French repository for maritime-related information, were used for their maps of Canada and South America.
AOG, 100. Pedley, Belle et utile, 410 ; Campbell 65: OAG 100. 500 by 560mm (19¾ by 22 inches).   ref: 2556  €800

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