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Plan of the Immortal victory of Corfu/ Kerkyra Beseiged by the Ottomans.

Homann, Johann Baptist. Plan of the place of Corfu seiged by the infidels between the 25th July and the 22nd August ...1716. "Plan de la place de Corfu avec ses environs, assiegee par les infidels, tranchee ouvert le25em Juillet jusqu'au 22eme d Aout jour de la fuite des ottomans defendue par s.e.le Feldt Marechal comte de Schulembeourg General en chef des armées de la Serme Repque.. de Venise en l'an MDCCXV.." " Nomini Immortali Invict Corcyrae Defensoris." Nuremberg. Homann, Johann Baptist. c1716
Copper engraved plan of Corfu city/ Kerkyra by Johann Bapt. Homann. Original colour, verso blank.
The map shows the siege of the citadel of Corfu by the Ottomans between July 25 and August 22nd 1716, with the island of Vido. The image shows the fortifications and lines of attack. Set within a decorative frame with profiles of the castles in each corner; detailled key to 3 sides the plan set within a second frame. Large decorative vignette of Victory amid cannons with a portrait of Field Marshall Schulemberg, held aloft by angels.

In 1716, Corfu was the scene of one of the fiercest attacks by the Turks. Their forces were said to number 35,000 men and they besieged the citadel by land and sea. The defending forces were commanded by a distinguished German mercenary, Count Schulemberg, who was appointed by Prince Eugene of Austria. After six bloody weeks in July and August 1716 the Turks withdrew from Corfu. The cartouche on a manuscript drawing now in the British Library and probably prepared on the spot, reads:
"The Turks abandoned the Isle of Corfu with the loss of 70 pieces of cannon, 30 mortars, 2000 horses, 1500 buffalos, 1000 oxen, 3000 tents and out of 35000 men there were slain 15000 and prisoners of war 2000."

Corfu tradition has it that their patron saint, St Spiridon, appeared on his donkey accompanied by acolytes, candles in hand, and bringing a great thunderstorm. His appearance so terrified the Turks that they abandoned their encampments forthwith. It is the German cartographer Johann Baptist Homann who best captures the great battle in contemporary maps. The siege of Corfu has been called 'the last glorious military exploit in the annals of the Venetian Republic. Dark impression; bright and clean; cartouche black & white as issued; old ink number to verso

Johann Baptist Homann (1664 – 1724)
from 1687 Homann worked as a civil law notary in Nuremberg. He soon turned to engraving and cartography; in 1702 he founded his own publishing house.
Homann acquired renown as a leading German cartographer, and in 1715 was appointed Imperial Geographer by Emperor Charles VI. Giving such privileges to individuals was an added right that the Holy Roman Emperor enjoyed. In the same year he was also named a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin. Of particular significance to cartography were the imperial printing privileges (Latin: privilegia impressoria). These protected for a time the authors in all scientific fields such as printers, copper engravers, map makers and publishers. They were also very important as recommendation for potential customers.
In 1716 Homann published his masterpiece "Grosser Atlas ueber die ganze Welt" Numerous maps were drawn up in cooperation with the engraver Christoph Weigel the Elder,
Homann died in Nuremberg. He was succeeded by the Homann heirs company, in business until 1848, known as "Homann Erben", "Homanniani Heredes", "Heritiers de Homann" abroad.
Zacharakis: 1646. 495 by 565mm (19½ by 22¼ inches).   ref: 2765  €850

Company: Bryan, Mary Louise. Address: Ag. Andrianoy 92 , 21 100 Nafplio, Greece.
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