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The Famous Early Plan of London.

Braun & Hogenberg. Londres. Londinum Feracissimi Angliae Regni Metropolis. 'Cologne G. von Kempen 1575
Black and white, copper engraved town plan of London from the first volume of Braun & Hogenberg's Civitas Orbis Terrarum. French text to verso. Second state, with spelling West Muster, and with Cum Privelegio lower right.
The second state of the famous town plan of London; the earliest town plan of London from the first French text edition of the Civitas Orbis Terrarum
The plan was engraved by Frans Hogenberg and probably the view derives from a 15-sheet city plan of 1550, commissioned by merchants of the Hanseatic League, of which only three plates and no printed copies have survived, making this the first extant plan of London. Second state with privelege, correction of West musterand inclusion of the Royal Exchange. The fact that it must have been drawn some 15 years earlier is confirmed by the inclusion of the spire of St. Paul's, which was destroyed by lightning in 1561 and not replaced. Unrestored original condition, light toning and soiling; crease at centre fold guard and diagonal crease left upper corner; 6 dark spots, 2 to river,2 by the "Bowllbayring" and 2 to figures in foreground; short tear to lower centre fold in blank margin [15mm] caused by guard and another to right lower blank margin, with old repair to verso. some light stains.

The "Civitas Orbis Terrarum" of Georg Braun and Frans Hogenberg was the first systemstic city atlas, possible intended to compliment the "Theatrum Orbis Terrarum "of Abraham Ortelius published in 1570.

There is strong evidence that Braun, Hogenberg and Ortelius discussed the planned work, although some scholars believe it was influenced by Sabastien Munster's "Cosmographia"
R A Skelton in his introduction to the facsimile edition [ 1965] puts the case f for the "Theatrum " of Ortelius being the model for the work ( "(it) is made abundantly clear by the similarity between the two works in title, in format and in the layout and serial order of the plates and text"
First publishe in 1572 in Cologne just two years after Ortelius' " Theatrum" it was published in six volumes in the years between 1572 and 1617.
Georg Braun [1541-1622], Canon of Cologne Cathedral wrote the preface for all but the last volume and also the text accompanying each plan or view on the verso.
The plates were engraved by Frans Hogenberg and Simon Novellanus after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel[1542-1600] who travelled with Ortelius through Italy and also made extensive travels through France Spain and England
Following the death of Frans Hogenberg the plates were engraved by Abraham Hogenberg, believed to be his son.
Jacob Hoefnagel continued the work of his father following his death, particularly the Austrian and Hungarian cities. Other notable contributers were Heinrich Rantzau with maps and plans of northern Europe, especially Denmark and Jacob van Deventer's plans of cities in the Netherlands. .

Braun corresponded with mapsellers and scholars throughout the world and it was his idea to include the figures of local inhabitants in the foreground of the plans and views, This was not just to add "Local colour" but believing the work could be of refence for Military use, particularly by the Turks. the insertion of images of the human form. specifically forbidden by Islam, was intended to prevent this.
Keoman 2; B&H 13, plate 1[A]; Darlington & Howgego, no. 2; 330 by 483mm (13 by 19 inches).   ref: 3204  €5750

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