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St Petrsburg, Ingria, Russia.

Homann, Johann Baptist The Most Up-to-date Record of Ingermanland or Ingria. " Ingermanlandiae seu Ingriae Novissima Tabula .." Nuremberg Homannianos Heredes 1734
Copper engraved map of Ingria from Johann Bapt. Homann's "Grosser Atlas.". Original full colour, verso blank.
The map shows Ingria the area around St Petersburg. Ingria on the Gulf of Finland was a disputed territory for centuries, annexed to Russia by Peter the Great in 1721 at the conclusion of the Great Northern War with Sweden.
The region formed a protective land barrier around his new city of St. Petersburg, depicted at upper left, in black & white vignette with war ships [Peter's newly organised navy?] to the foreground; the whole held aloft as if on a tapestry by three putti. Decorative title cartouche at the lower right, surrounded by various sea nymphs paying homage to Posidon, God of the Sea with Aphrodite on her sea shell. Good dark impression; bright and clean ; old ink number to upper right coner; minor soiling to blank margins with light dampstain to upper and lower edges; blue crayon? line to upper left corner just entering plate; minor chips to lower edge.

Johann Baptist Homann (1664 – 1724)
from 1687 Homann worked as a civil law notary in Nuremberg. He soon turned to engraving and cartography; in 1702 he founded his own publishing house.
Homann acquired renown as a leading German cartographer, and in 1715 was appointed Imperial Geographer by Emperor Charles VI. Giving such privileges to individuals was an added right that the Holy Roman Emperor enjoyed. In the same year he was also named a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences in Berlin. Of particular significance to cartography were the imperial printing privileges (Latin: privilegia impressoria). These protected for a time the authors in all scientific fields such as printers, copper engravers, map makers and publishers. They were also very important as recommendation for potential customers.
In 1716 Homann published his masterpiece "Grosser Atlas ueber die ganze Welt" Numerous maps were drawn up in cooperation with the engraver Christoph Weigel the Elder,
Homann died in Nuremberg. He was succeeded by the Homann heirs company, in business until 1848, known as "Homann Erben", "Homanniani Heredes", "Heritiers de Homann" abroad.
493 by 580mm (19½ by 22¾ inches).   ref: 2532  €800

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